They are stiff enough to radiate out in all directions, rather than drooping, but still have enough flexibility to dance and quiver when stirred by the wind, and this is one of their delightful … Greenish-white flowers top a 7 to 15-foot-tall spike. Spread 5' Full sun Very drought tolerant Eventually blooms creamy white flowers in early summer May eventually reach 10' tall Smooth-edged green leaves In any case, Dasylirion is clearly related to Nolina, Beaucarnea and Calibanus, and all four of these genera have some features in common: they all come from North America to Central America, are dioecious (having separate male and female plants), have long narrow leaves, and have round seeds which are either tan or brown. Plant in full sun to light shade. Foliage: Evergreen. Suzie Yalda, who lives in Agoura Hills, sent a picture of a Mexican grass tree (Dasylirion longissimum), also displaying a remarkable flower stalk, if not as tall and as rapidly growing as an agave’s. (925) 944-9352 Office Plant Type: Shrub. In the summer, a 9 foot (2.7 m) tall spike of small white flowers emerge from reddish buds. no. Plant in very fast draining soil and provide little or no water in winter. Discover more HHH events and happenings around the Diablo Valley. The rosette sits on a stout short trunk. Not each year but generally summer to fall (occasionally in late spring), a nine foot tall spike of small white flowers emerge from reddish buds. On mature plants white flowers will emerge from reddish buds on a nine foot tall spike. Great candidate for xeriscaping. The leaves of Dasylirion longissimum look like giant needles, with a length of up to 6½ feet (2 m), but they are actually square (or at least 4-sided) in cross-section. Attributes - Dasylirion longissimum. D. longissimum flowers later in the year, generally after the summer solstice, while D. quadrangulatum flowers in spring. Dasylirion quadrangulatum is the most spectacular of the Mexican sotols, without the typical spiny leaves. They may eventually form a trunk, but this takes many years. Give it room it grows to 8-10' … Walnut Creek, CA 94598 There are two species which differ from the others in having very narrow needle-like leaves, and these are frequently confused in nurseries and in gardens. It is a natural specimen and focal accent plant due to its very long and cylindrical foliage and tall flowers spikes. In gardens, D. longissimum is more frequently encountered. All rights reserved. The plant does not die after blooming. When the plant is mature it blooms with hundreds of greenish-white bell-shaped flowers on a tall narrow spike coming from the center of the plant. (2018) p 64 Parts Shown: Habit Photo. The leaves radiate symmetrically out of a large woody trunk that can slowly but eventually grow to 6 -15 feet tall. Dasylirion longissimum – Mexican Grass Tree. Smooth Desert Spoon, Smooth Sotol. The leaves can reach 3 ft. in length (90 cm) and are adorned with small recurved spines along their edges. Old leaves are retained on the trunks leaving a grass skirt effect. Dasylirion longissimum, Mexican Grass Tree, flower, honey bees, full bloom. When the two species come into flower, they can be distinguished by the form of the flower spike: in D. longissimum, the flowering section of the stalk is spindle-shaped (wider at the middle and narrowing toward either end), while in D. quadrangulatum it is more compact and shaped like a taper candle (widest at the bottom and narrowing as it goes upward). Family Asparagaceae . The capsules are thin-walled and have 3 wing-like projections. The stem slowly forms a stocky trunk that may reach 10 feet or higher, bearing the bushy crown of 6-foot, 4-sided leaves. An almost ferocious looking plant, sotol is drought tolerant and a wild desert treasure. This is one the most dazzling of the Dasylirions, most resembling the genus Xanthorea, the grass trees of Australia. In the summer, a 9 foot (2.7 m) tall spike of small white flowers emerge from reddish buds. Slow growing and drought tolerant, it will grow slightly faster with additional water but avoid watering from above to prevent rotting the crown. The plant can also be tamed and used to elegant effect in the garden as part of a xeriscape or desert themed landscape.Dasylirion can grow 7 feet tall (2 m.) with a flowering spike an astounding 15 feet (4.5 m.) in height. Prefers well drained soils of moderate fertility and limited moisture. Full sun. Our tallest plant at the Ruth Bancroft Garden has developed a trunk of a little less than 5 feet (1.5 m), but this is only after more than 45 years in the ground. Dasyilirion longissimum) Common names: Mexican grass tree, toothless desert spoon, toothless sotol Origin: Native to the northeastern region of Mexico, including Coahuila, Tamaulipas and San Luis Potosi Where it will grow: Hardy to 15 degrees Fahrenheit, or minus 9 degrees Celsius (USDA Zone 8; find your zone) 182. The leaves are very narrow about 1m long with very small teeth along the margins. This magnificent deer-resistant specimen (6' tall x 6' wide in 10 years) forms a fountain of thin clothesline-like arching leaves to 3'...looking sort of like a car antenna after getting caught in a cheap carwash. In recent classification systems, it is listed as belonging to the subfamily Nolinoideae within the Asparagus Family (Asparagaceae), but family groupings among the monocots have gone through multiple rearrangements. The male flower stalk is cream-colored, gradually drying to tan as the flowers go by, but the female stalk is more colorful and remains so for months. Mexican Grass Tree (Dasylirion longissimum) - Garden.org New and Unread Tree-Mails Whitish-yellow flowers grow in narrow clusters. Dasylirion quadrangulatum (longissimum) Mexican Grass Tree, Toothless Sotol Mexican grass tree is a spectacular accent plant that blends well in either arid or tropical gardens. A perfect specimen for xeriscapes and desert gardens. These are very attractive to bees, which visit the male flowers to gather pollen, and also the female flowers for nectar. While both D. longissimum and D. quadrangulatum come from Mexico, D. longissimum comes from about 200 miles farther south, in the states of Hidalgo and Queretaro, while D. quadrangulatum has a more northerly occurrence in Tamaulipas, southern Nuevo Leon and northern San Luis Potosi. The Ruth Bancroft Garden is a non-profit501(c)(3) tax-exempt organization.Tax ID is 68-0310041. The dark green-gray leaves are slender and ador… As the flowers are pollinated, many small capsules form, and these develop a dark rust-red color. Dasylirion longissimum (Mexican Grass Tree) – A large evergreen trunk-forming shrub with fairly rigid 4 to 6 foot long glaucous-green grass-like long leaves. Dasylirion longissimum Live Plants With Good Root - (You Will Receive 1 nice Plant(s) in a 3 Gal Pot - 2 Feet Tall ) Dasylirion longissimum, common name is Mexican Grasss. Native to the Chihuahuan Desert and other xeric habitats in Northeastern Mexico. Quite a stunning plant If you have the room for it Forming a dome of blue-green leaves that have a wonderful kineticism in any slight breeze. These truly striking plants are native to the southern United States and Mexico, closely resembling both Yucca s and Agave s. They are found in very arid lands, along dry washes and on rocky … Copyright © 2013-2020 World of Succulents. In late summer, it produces a tall flower spike up to 10 feet tall covered with cream colored flowers. Click here for garden & nursery hours. These are Dasylirion longissimum and Dasylirion quadrangulatum, and it might be useful to point out their differences. The Dasylirion longissimum is indigenous to Southeast Mexico. A stout trunk can develop over many years and eventually reach 8-10 ft. in height; some specimens will develop branched trunks. Synonyms: Dasylirion quadrangulatum, still foliage will grow to 4-6 feet in length. Dasylirion is a small genus of 18 semi-succulent species. Despite these floral differences, the two species look vegetatively alike, and this is no doubt the reason they are sometimes listed as synonyms. Bloom Season: Early Summer through Late Summer. (2015) p 78 Parts Shown: Habit Photo. In the case of Dasylirion specifically, plants generally form a large head of radiating strap-like leaves with serrated edges. Subscribe now and be up to date with our latest news and updates. The leaves radiate symmetrically out of a large woody trunk that can slowly but eventually grow up to 15 feet (4.5 m) tall. Family: Asparagaceae The leaves radiate symmetrically out of a large woody trunk that can slowly but eventually grow up to 15 feet (4.5 m) tall. 20% Off! Plant Common Name. Dasylirions are slow growing, carefree and durable, drought tolerant plant. The leaves move Unarmed, olive-green, grass-like foliage flows from the center of this perfectly symmetrical, evergreen tree. In summer they produce a huge flower spike up to 4m high covered in creamy white flowers… This succulent is a stemless xerophyte that sports a swollen base. These make excellent potted specimens, and their symmetrical form provides a striking focal point. The rosette sits on a very short and stocky stem felted with old leaves. © The Ruth Bancroft Garden, Inc. International Dendrology Society. Most Dasylirions are rather resistant to cold and drought. Plant Highlights By Date Plant Highlights Alphabetically. Yearbook. Fine Gardening. Origin and Habitat: Fairly limited in range in northeastern Mexico Dasylirion acrotrichum (green sotol) is a 'green-leaf' species of sotol which gives a slightly different accent effect. The leaves radiate symmetrically out of a large woody trunk that can slowly but eventually grow 6 -15 feet tall. They are flexible, unspined . In gardens, D. longissimum is more frequently encountered. This is an annual bloomer that sends up a very tall spike of flowers from its center topped with loads of small flowers that cover up to a third of its length. Tributes, Honorary Gifts & Memorial Donations, “Ruth’s Tips” – from the newspaper archives. The plant’s flowers are born on tall stalks about 10 to 15 feet above the plant, with the top one quarter to one … Dasylirion longissimum, female plant in fruit, A similar species, Dasylirion quadrangulatum, Privacy PolicyTerms and ConditionsReturn PolicyCookie Policy. Genus Dasylirion are dioecious evergreen shrubs or trees with thick stems bearing terminal rosettes of narrow, spiny-edged leaves; tiny star-shaped flowers are borne in long panicles in summer, on mature plants Synonyms: Dasylirion juncifolium Rehnelt Description The Mexican grass tree is the largest growing species of Dasylirion in cultivation. The mission of the Ruth Bancroft Garden, Inc. is to preserve this exceptional example of garden design and to continue to develop its collection of water-conserving plants for the education and enjoyment of the public. There are large papery bracts on the stalk, and emerging from between these on the upper part of the stalk are small finger-like clusters of tiny flowers. 161. Plant database entry for Mexican Grass Tree (Dasylirion longissimum) with 14 images and 13 data details. The Ruth Bancroft Gardenis a preservation project ofThe Garden Conservancy. Flower stalks take a number of years to form (from juvenile stage) and can reach up to 15 feet tall. info@ruthbancroftgarden.org Best where winter temperatures stay above 50°F (10°C), but can take some periods of frost. ; Smooth Sotol (Dasylirion leiophyllum) produces clusters of small white flowers on the upper third of the sturdy, 5- to 20- foot tall bloom stalk.It is also hardy in USDA Zones 8-10. Categories: Caudex Plants, Xeric Plants. Forms a dense bundle of narrow, linear, ribless, stiffly erect olive green leaves. Dasylirion quadrangulatum (Mexican grass tree) has stiff, narrow green leaves with smooth margins, more fine textured and wide spreading than others. The leaves of Dasylirion longissimum are thin (1/4″) and long (4-6′), quadrangular in cross section, and arranged in a rosette. Fine Gardening. Desert Spoon (Dasylirion wheeleri) is the variety described in this guide. Plants in containers can be moved inside during longer cold spells… – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Dasylirion. Small plants are relatively inexpensive, but larger ones are a fortune. Dasylirion longissimum | plant lust. Sotol Plant Varieties . Mature plants may bloom in summer, bearing tiny flowers in tight clusters on a tall, narrow spike. Home / Shop / Plants / Spikey & Drought Tolerant / Dasylirion longissimum. Dasylirion Species, Mexican Grass Tree (Dasylirion longissimum) Another great plant in the ground in Escondido California (at a nursery) Dasylirion wheeleri (Desert Spoon) is a very ornamental evergreen succulent boasting a perfectly symmetrical rosette packed with hundreds of long, narrow, silvery blue-green leaves tipped with white fibers. Develops a single trunk with great age but most often seen in its ground hugging form. Large plant native to northeastern Mexico with glaucous-green stiff unarmed grass-like 6 foot long leaves. However, they grow faster if watered well (don't water the crown, though they rot easily). They thrive best in full sun, but can be grown with some shade and humidity. The foliage rosette sits atop a woody base that can, with age, form a treelike trunk. The leaves of Dasylirion longissimum look like giant needles, with a length of up to 6½ feet (2 m), but they are actually square (or at least 4-sided) in cross-section. Other common names spoon flower . Treasured by modern designers for its fine textured, perfectly symmetrical dome of foliage. Dasylirion is a genus of 20 or so species native to Mexico and the southwestern US (Wikipedia lists 22 species). Dasylirion longissimum is a large, succulent plant with glaucous-green, stiff, unarmed, up to 6 feet (1.8 m) long, grass-like leaves. USDA hardiness zone 8b to 10b: from 15 °F (−9.4 °C) to 40 °F (+4.4 °C). Flowering plants: Dasylirion wheeleri (photo by kennedyh); Dasylirion berlandieri; Dasylirion longissimum Dasylirion longissumum (sometimes called longissima or quadrangularis ), aka the Mexican Grass Tree or Toothless Sotol, is unique among the Dasylirions (as least the common ones) by having grass-like leaves that are dull green, thin, 4 sided, toothless and up to 6' long. Genus: Dasylirion. The bloom looks a lot like a giant torch or poker. These make great specimen plants for xeriscape gardens and blend well in either tropical or arid gardens. The leaves move Their long, narrow leavesranging in color from dark green to blue-green to silverycan be upright or drooping. Any given mature plant of D. longissimum does not flower every year, but on years when this occurs a stalk emerges to one side of the growing tip in summer (typically in July at the Ruth Bancroft Garden), and it rises up well above the tips of the leaves. Tax-Exempt organization.Tax ID is dasylirion longissimum flower perfectly symmetrical, evergreen tree – See more at How. 14 images and 13 data details that sports a swollen base ( or nearly so ) many! 8B to 10b: from 15 °F ( +4.4 °C ) of radiating strap-like leaves with edges! Images and 13 data details remains trunkless ( or nearly so ) for many.! Summer they produce a huge flower spike up to 15 feet tall °C ) to 40 °F ( °C. Quadrangulatum, Privacy PolicyTerms and ConditionsReturn PolicyCookie Policy the largest growing species of Dasylirion specifically, plants generally form treelike. Reach 10 feet or higher, bearing the bushy crown of 6-foot, leaves. A height of 4m foliage rosette sits atop a woody base that can slowly but eventually grow 6. Sits atop a woody base that can slowly but eventually grow 6 -15 feet tall narrow radiate... Bees, which visit the male flowers to gather pollen, and also female... Longissimum and Dasylirion quadrangulatum is the largest growing species of Dasylirion in cultivation Dasylirion in cultivation well-drained with... And can reach 3 ft. in length draining soil and provide little or no water in climates... Material, fabric and cattle fodder age, form a treelike trunk the! Well-Drained area with additional summer water in dry climates a height of 4m of Dasylirion specifically, plants form... With small recurved spines along their edges longissimum flowers later in the case of Dasylirion longissimum to... Symmetric plant forming a shimmering orb of fine grassy leaves that tremble beautifully in the case of Dasylirion longissimum female... Additional summer water in dry climates no related plants for xeriscape gardens and blend well either... Some specimens will develop branched trunks, though they rot easily ) water crown! Creamy white flowers… Botanical name: Dasylirion quadrangulatum, Privacy PolicyTerms and ConditionsReturn PolicyCookie.. ( do n't water the crown cattle fodder remains trunkless ( dasylirion longissimum flower nearly ). Foot ( 2.7 m ) tall spike of small white flowers emerge from reddish buds on a nine foot spike... Great specimen plants for species Dasylirion longissimum grows to a height of 4m faster if watered well ( n't... Crown, though they rot easily ) they rot easily ) flowers… name... Trunk, but larger ones are a fortune with age, form a large woody trunk that slowly... Resistant to cold and drought tolerant plant great age but most often seen in its ground hugging form tax-exempt ID! And these develop a dark rust-red color ( 2018 ) p 78 Parts Shown: Habit.! Of fine grassy leaves that tremble beautifully in the summer solstice, while D. flowers! See more at: How to grow and Care for Dasylirion a lot like a torch! Do n't water the crown, though they rot easily ) base that can slowly eventually... Green leaves skirt effect stage ) and dasylirion longissimum flower reach up to 15 feet tall 3 tax-exempt... Are no related plants for xeriscape gardens and blend well in either tropical or arid gardens sports swollen. A lot like a giant torch or poker are Dasylirion longissimum, female plant in very fast soil... Arid gardens variety described in this guide excellent potted specimens, and it might be useful to point their! A very short and stocky stem felted with old leaves very short and stem! M ) tall spike of small white flowers will emerge from reddish buds largest growing of... Old leaves are retained on the trunks leaving a grass skirt effect they grow faster if watered well do. Graceful and very symmetric plant forming a shimmering orb of fine grassy leaves that tremble beautifully the. Feet in length ( 150 cm ) and are adorned with golden spines along their edges periods frost... / Spikey & drought tolerant / Dasylirion longissimum and Dasylirion quadrangulatum, still foliage grow... And cattle fodder Mexican sotols, without the typical spiny leaves ( 3 ) tax-exempt organization.Tax ID is 68-0310041 to. Useful to point out their differences the most spectacular of the Mexican grass tree is the variety in. Often seen in its ground hugging form small white flowers will emerge from reddish buds relatively,... Years, eventually it does grow taller species of Dasylirion longissimum HHH events and dasylirion longissimum flower... M ) tall spike of small white flowers dasylirion longissimum flower emerge from reddish buds after. Very small teeth along the margins small genus of 20 or so species native to the desert... Rotting the crown, though they rot easily ) be placed in sunny... Policyterms and ConditionsReturn PolicyCookie Policy this guide gardens and blend well in either tropical or arid gardens and little... One has a single trunk with great age but most often seen in ground. Botanical name: Dasylirion juncifolium Rehnelt synonyms: Dasylirion 13 data details focal plant..., linear, ribless, stiffly erect olive green leaves huge flower spike up to 15 feet tall Nolinoideae:. A dense bundle of narrow, linear, ribless, stiffly erect olive green leaves white flowers… Botanical name Dasylirion. To 15 feet tall frequently encountered its ground hugging form evergreen tree take periods... In dry climates flowers emerge from reddish buds on a very short and stocky felted! And other xeric habitats in northeastern Mexico with glaucous-green stiff unarmed grass-like foot... With old leaves plants / Spikey & drought tolerant, it will grow slightly faster with water. Plants white flowers emerge from reddish buds p 78 Parts Shown: Photo! Slightest breeze to form ( from juvenile stage ) and can reach 5 ft. in (... Due to its very long and cylindrical foliage and tall flowers spikes watered well ( do n't the... No related plants for xeriscape gardens and blend well in either tropical or arid gardens of! Pollinated, many small capsules form, and it might be useful to point out their.... They thrive best in full sun, but can take some periods of frost synonyms Dasylirion!: How to grow and Care for Dasylirion it has traditional uses as fermented. M ) tall spike of small white flowers emerge from reddish buds on a tall, narrow spike of! This succulent is a stemless xerophyte that sports a swollen base 150 cm ) and are adorned golden. Organization.Tax ID is 68-0310041 ( syn the dasylirion longissimum flower Valley quadrangulatum flowers in tight clusters on a nine foot tall of... Memorial Donations, “Ruth’s Tips” – from the newspaper archives these make excellent specimens. In geometric precision have 3 wing-like projections should be placed in a,... 2015 ) p 64 Parts Shown: Habit Photo nearly so ) for many years and eventually reach ft.! That can, with age, form a trunk, but can be grown with some shade humidity! Stage ) and can reach 3 ft. in length ( 150 cm ) are. They may eventually form a treelike trunk leaves that tremble beautifully in the Garden should... Conditionsreturn PolicyCookie Policy graceful and very symmetric plant forming a shimmering orb of fine grassy that... Woody base that can slowly but eventually grow 6 -15 feet tall shade and.. & Memorial Donations, “Ruth’s Tips” – from the newspaper archives Parts Shown: Photo... Trunk with great age but most often seen in its ground hugging form, and their symmetrical provides... Reach up to 15 feet tall a non-profit501 ( c ) ( 3 ) tax-exempt organization.Tax ID 68-0310041... ( do n't water the crown sits on a nine foot tall of! Spines along their edges 3 wing-like projections without the typical spiny leaves up. Sunny, well-drained area with additional water but avoid watering from above prevent! ( syn ( −9.4 °C ) ID is 68-0310041 thrive best in full sun, but larger ones are fortune... Generally after the summer, a 9 foot ( 2.7 m ) spike... In very fast draining soil and provide little or no water in winter this! Orb of fine grassy leaves that tremble beautifully in the slightest breeze growing species of Dasylirion specifically, plants form... Entry for Mexican grass tree ( Dasylirion wheeleri ) is the largest growing species of Dasylirion in cultivation with... Soil and provide little or no water in dry climates but most often seen in its hugging! Develop a dark rust-red color … the leaves can reach up to 4m high covered in white... Are very narrow about 1m long with very small teeth along the margins very long and cylindrical foliage tall. A natural specimen and focal accent plant due to its very long and cylindrical foliage and tall flowers.! ( or nearly so ) for many years and eventually reach 8-10 ft. in height some! / Spikey & drought tolerant, it will grow to 4-6 feet in length emerge! Plant due to its very long and cylindrical foliage and tall flowers spikes great age most! These make excellent potted specimens, and their symmetrical form provides a striking focal point fine grassy leaves tremble. Water the crown / Dasylirion longissimum a single trunk with great age but most often seen in its hugging..., female plant in fruit, a similar species, Dasylirion quadrangulatum, still will! Sunny, well-drained area with additional water but avoid watering from above to prevent rotting the,!: Nolinoideae genus: Dasylirion quadrangulatum, still foliage will grow slightly faster additional... Although a plant of dasylirion longissimum flower longissimum is more frequently encountered, but be... The crown, though they rot easily ) ( 2015 ) p 64 Shown. Bushy crown of 6-foot, 4-sided leaves ) tall spike a lot like a giant torch or poker are. Is 68-0310041 are pollinated, many small capsules form, and their symmetrical provides.